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    ◆ 您现在的位置: 嘉兴英语教学网 >> 万博manxbet官网辅导 >> 词汇辨析 >> 正文:引导时间状语从句的特殊形式
    引导时间状语从句的特殊形式
    | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:随心飞扬 | 收集整理:嘉兴英语教学网 | 更新时间:2013-1-4 |
    时间状语从句通常由after,before,when,while,as,once,till,since,as soon as等从属连词引导。此外还有一些特殊的形式引导时间状语从句。
     
    一、immediately,directly,instantly用于as soon as的意义时也可引导时间状语从句。例:
    I recognized her immediately/instantly I saw her.
    刚一见面,我就认出了她。
    I went home directly I had finished work.
    我一干完活就回家了。
    The machine will start instantly the button is pressed.
    一按电钮,机器就立即开动起来。
     
    二、名词the moment,the minute,the instant用于as soon as的意义时也可引导时间状语从句。例:
    I want to see her the minute that she arrives.
    她一到,我就要见她。
    We hadn’t met for 20 years,but I recognized him the moment (that) I saw him.
    我们已经二十年没见了,可是我一见到他就认出他来。
    I recognized him the instant (that) I saw him.
    我一见到他就认出他来。
     
    三、名词the day,the year,every time,each time,next time,last time等也可用作连词,引导时间状语从句。例:
    He left Europe the year World War Ⅱ broke out.
    第二次世界大战爆发那一年他离开了欧洲。
    The day (on which) he was inducted,he was not feeling well.
    被征入伍那天,他身体不大舒服。
    Every time he phones I always seem to be in the bath.
    每次他来电话时似乎我都在洗澡。
    Each time he came to town he would visit our school.
    他每次进城都要到我们学校看看。
    He looked much worried (the) last time I saw him.
    我上次见到他时他满脸愁容。
    The very next time I saw her she was working in London.
    我再看到她的时候她正在伦敦工作。
     
    四、关联从属连词no sooner...than,hardly/scarcely/barely...when等也能引导时间状语从句。
    如果no sooner,hardly/scarcely/barely位于句首,就要用倒装语序。例:
    He had no sooner/No sooner had he arrived than he was asked to leave again.
    他刚到达就又让他离开。
    We had hardly begun/Hardly had we begun our walk when it began to rain.
    我们刚刚开始散步就下起雨来了。
    She had scarcely entered/Scarcely had she entered the room when the phone rang.
    她刚进屋,电话就响了。
    He had barely/Barely had he arrived when he had to leave again.
    他刚刚到就又得走了。
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